Mechanisms contributing to prefrontal cortex maturation during adolescence

Adriana Caballero, Rachel Granberg, Kuei Y. Tseng
<span title="">2016</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews</a> </i> &nbsp;
Adolescence is defined as a transitional period between childhood and adulthood characterized by changes in social interaction and acquisition of mature cognitive abilities. These changes have been associated with the maturation of brain regions involved in the control of motivation, emotion, and cognition. Among these regions, the protracted development of the human prefrontal cortex during adolescence has been proposed to underlie the maturation of cognitive functions and the regulation of
more &raquo; ... ective responses. Studies in animal models allow us to test the causal contribution of specific neural processes in the development of the prefrontal cortex and the acquisition of adult behavior. This review summarizes the cellular and synaptic mechanisms occurring in the rodent prefrontal cortex during adolescence as a model for understanding the changes underlying human prefrontal development.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.05.013</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:27235076</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC5074870</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:3cpny27hbfdfxjr7gfdxopyw4m</a> </span>
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