Axial Signs and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Correlates in Parkinson's Disease

Hernish J. Acharya, Thomas P. Bouchard, Derek J. Emery, Richard M. Camicioli
2007 Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences  
Background:Age-related brain changes may contribute to axial features in Parkinson's disease (PD).Objectives:To determine if ventricular volume and white matter high signal changes (WMC) are related to motor signs in PD and controls independent of age.Methods:Patients were rated with the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (subscore A: tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and facial expression; subscore B: speech and axial impairment). Steps and time taken to walk 9.144 meters were measured.
more » ... al ventricular volume (TVV) and intracranial volume (ICV) were measured on T1-weighted MRI using manual tracing software. WMC were rated on axial T2-weighted, dual-echo or FLAIR MR images using a visual scale.Results:TVV (cm3) (PD: 36.48 ± 15.93; controls: 32.16 ± 14.20, p = 0.21) and WMC did not differ between groups (PD: 3.7 ± 4.2; controls: 3.2 ± 3.1, p = 0.55). Age correlated positively with ICV-corrected TVV and WMC in PD (cTVV: r = 0.48, p = 0.003; WMC: r=0.42, p=0.01) and controls (cTVV: r = 0.31, p = 0.04; WMC: r=0.44, p=0.003). Subscore B (r = 0.42, p = 0.01) but not subscore A (r = 0.25, p = 0.14) correlated with cTVV in PD. Steps and walking time correlated with cTVV and WMC in PD; cadence correlated with cTVV and steps with WMC in controls. Age-adjustment eliminated correlations.Conclusion:Subscore B, but not subscore A correlated positively with ventricular volume in PD, though this association was accounted for by age. Age-related brain change super-imposed on PD may contribute to axial features.
doi:10.1017/s0317167100005795 fatcat:oilplwidnbbkpbfiv2xbs2csry