Comparative Assessment of the Fatty Acid Profiles of Crude Oils Extracted from Seeds of Selected Tea ( Camellia sinensis L.) Cultivars

Kelvin Omondi George, John K. Wanyoko, Thomas Kinyanjui, Kelvin O. Moseti, Francis N. Wachira
2016 Food and Nutrition Sciences  
Tea seeds resulting from the cultivation of tea in many parts of the world, often regarded as waste, have been found to contain oil of exceptional quality that can be harnessed for use as an oleochemical or chemical intermediate. A comparative study was carried out to examine the free fatty acid profiles of crude oils chemically extracted by Soxhlet extraction from tea seeds collected from different cultivars of Kenyan tea. All the tea seeds of the studied tea cultivars yielded oil, though to
more » ... ed oil, though to different extents (p > 0.05) after the 8-hour extraction. The oils were golden yellow in color. The contents of oleic, linoleic and stearic acids in all the crude test oils have no significant difference (p > 0.05) from each other. However, statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) in the linolenic and palmitic acids contents were evident. Based on the current findings, the test tea oils were predominantly constituted of unsaturated fatty acids, oleic acid being the major unsaturated fatty acid, other fatty acids being present in different but smaller proportions.
doi:10.4236/fns.2016.71001 fatcat:m6aouw35rbbxrbukxxuz5sq6pe