Ethylene and fruit ripening: from illumination gas to the control of gene expression, more than a century of discoveries

Ana Lúcia Soares Chaves, Paulo Celso de Mello-Farias
2006 Genetics and Molecular Biology  
The effects of ethylene on plants have been recognized since the Nineteenth Century and it is widely known as the phytohormone responsible for fruit ripening and for its involvement in a number of plant growth and development processes. Elucidating the mechanisms involved in the ripening of climacteric fruit and the role that ethylene plays in this process have been central to fruit production and the improvement of fruit quality. The biochemistry, genetics and physiology of ripening has been
more » ... ripening has been extensively studied in economically important fruit crops and a considerable amount of information is available which ranges from the ethylene biosynthesis pathway to the mechanisms of perception, signaling and control of gene expression. However, there is still much to be discovered about these processes and the objective of this review is to present a brief historic account of how ethylene became the focus of fruit ripening research as well as the development and the state-of-art of these studies at both biochemical and genetic levels.
doi:10.1590/s1415-47572006000300020 fatcat:a5x5cnldhvherdyr5dog4l7qse