The Effectiveness of Using MODIS Products for Monitoring Climate Change Risks over the Nile Delta, Egypt
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Climate change is the one of greatest challenges that faces the human being nowadays as the Earth's climate is getting warmer. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have indicated that the temperature average of the Earth's surface has increased about 1.2 to 1.4 C since 1900. Other climatic aspects are exposed to change as well such as patterns of precipitation and storms. The most common reason that leads to
... that leads to climate change is very likely human activities (e.g. fuel combustion and pollution). The Study area is the most affected region in the world by climate change impacts according to the fourth report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 4 th Report of IPCC, 2007. This report presents a scenario of destruction of the settlement centers in Nile Delta, Port Said in the east and Alexandria in the west (10 million people are at risk), besides, losing more than 86 square kilometers of the northern lakes, about 200,000 acres of the most valuable agricultural land as a result of high temperature and the consequent rise in average sea level. In Egypt, air pollutants (e.g. SO 2 and CO 2 ) gave rise to high concentrations of air pollutants especially in Nile delta, due to bio mass fire which is called 'Black Cloud' phenomenon. The main aim of this study was to present the effectiveness of using both the MODIS atmosphere data produced by the Terra mission and to describe differences with comparable products to be produced by Aqua. To achieve this aim the study used the HYDRA visualization software with the characteristics of the MODIS climatic data. Results obtained from MODIS data are validated by using the previously mentioned data sets to reveal the nature and the characteristics of the climate change. Fire, dust Detection with MODIS, AIRS, and AOD analysis clearly indicates large amounts of aerosols that form the black cloud events over various locations within the Nile delta region. Also the results agreed with the observed values in the study area, and highly required for many applications related to integrated remote sensing techniques with actual field measurements and data Meteorological Authority in different periods to reduce the risk of climate.