An improved and readily available version of Bst DNA Polymerase for LAMP, and applications to COVID-19 diagnostics [article]

Andre Maranhao, Sanchita Bhadra, Inyup Paik, David Walker, Andrew D Ellington
2020 medRxiv   pre-print
Despite the fact that strand-displacing activity is of great utility for a variety of applications, including isothermal amplification assays, there are relatively few strand-displacing DNA polymerases. In particular, the thermotolerant DNA polymerase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus (previously Bacillus stearothermophilus), Bst DNA polymerase (Bst DNAP), is used in a variety of assays, including loop-mediated isothermal amplification. However, despite its wide use, its properties remain
more » ... operties remain open to improvement, as has been demonstrated by a variety of engineering efforts, including the identification of point mutations that impact its robustness, strand-displacement capabilities, and nascent reverse transcriptase activity. Interestingly, a strategy that has been commonly used to alter the capabilities of DNA polymerases, the addition of additional DNA- or RNA-binding domains, has yet to be applied to Bst DNAP. To this end, we now show that by adding fusion domains the performance of Bst DNAP in isothermal amplification assays, including its nascent RT activity, can be greatly improved. The impact of these improvements on the development of LAMP assays for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 is fully explored.
doi:10.1101/2020.10.02.20203356 fatcat:a2nosjkbjnfjxmx2s7albr5gly