Enhanced Feature Subset Selection Using Niche Based Bat Algorithm
Redundant and irrelevant features disturb the accuracy of the classifier. In order to avoid redundancy and irrelevancy problems, feature selection techniques are used. Finding the most relevant feature subset that can enhance the accuracy rate of the classifier is one of the most challenging parts. This paper presents a new solution to finding relevant feature subsets by the niche based bat algorithm (NBBA). It is compared with existing state of the art approaches, including evolutionary based
... evolutionary based approaches. The multi-objective bat algorithm (MOBA) selected eight, 16, and 248 features with 93.33%, 93.54%, and 78.33% accuracy on ionosphere, sonar, and Madelon datasets, respectively. The multi-objective genetic algorithm (MOGA) selected 10, 17, and 256 features with 91.28%, 88.70%, and 75.16% accuracy on same datasets, respectively. Finally, the multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) selected nine, 21, and 312 with 89.52%, 91.93%, and 76% accuracy on the above datasets, respectively. In comparison, NBBA selected six, 19, and 178 features with 93.33%, 95.16%, and 80.16% accuracy on the above datasets, respectively. The niche multi-objective genetic algorithm selected eight, 15, and 196 features with 93.33%, 91.93%, and 79.16 % accuracy on the above datasets, respectively. Finally, the niche multi-objective particle swarm optimization selected nine, 19, and 213 features with 91.42%, 91.93%, and 76.5% accuracy on the above datasets, respectively. Hence, results show that MOBA outperformed MOGA and MOPSO, and NBBA outperformed the niche multi-objective genetic algorithm and the niche multi-objective particle swarm optimization.