Determination of the complete nucleotide sequence and haplotypes in the D-loop region of the mitochondrial genome in the Oriental white stork, Ciconia boyciana
Genes & Genetic Systems
The complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the Oriental white stork, Ciconia boyciana, has been determined from captive storks by a novel method incorporating Long PCR and shotgun sequencing. 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes and 22 transfer RNA genes were identified as in other vertebrate mitochondrial genomes. The position and direction of the NADH6 and tRNA-Glu genes were the same as previously reported for avian mitochondrial genomes. A 71 bp direct
... 71 bp direct repeat and long CAAA repeat sequences were found at the 3' end of the D-loop region, together with SCB-1, SCB-2, SCB-3, and three TAS sequences. Direct sequencing of the PCR fragments in the D-loop region in 26 captive Oriental white storks originating from Japan, China, and Russia revealed nucleotide differences at 18 sites along 1,248 bp, and a total of nine haplotypes have been identified. It was found that one pair of individuals in the Japanese captive breeding program were of the same haplotype, suggesting that they were caught from the same nest. The pair has since been dissolved in consideration of the possibility of inbreeding depression.