Déficit en el reconocimiento de emociones faciales en la esquizofrenia: Implicancias clínicas y neuropsicológicas

Alvaro Cavieres F, Monica Valdebenito V
2007 Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría  
120 www.sonepsyn.cl os seres humanos poseen la capacidad de reconocer las emociones manifestadas en las distintas expresiones faciales. Esta facultad, presente ya desde los seis meses de vida 1 , requiere de la participación de un gran número de estructuras cerebrales, entre las que destacan la corteza temporo-occipital, en especial el giro fusiforme, Déficit en el reconocimiento de emociones faciales en la esquizofrenia. Implicancias clínicas y neuropsicológicas* Deficit in recognizyng
more » ... recognizyng emotions from facial expressions in schizophrenia; Clinical and neuropsychological implications Alvaro Cavieres F. 1 y Mónica Valdebenito V. 2 People with schizophrenia have difficulties identifying facial expressions. This impairment might be related to clinical and neuropsychological variables and may influence their psychosocial functioning. Objectives: 1) To compare a group of schizophrenics patients and a control group on a test of facial emotion recognition; 2) To investigate a possible relationship between the ability to recognize facial emotions and neuropsychological and psychopathological factors. Methods: 42 persons with schizophrenia (28 males, mean age 35 years) and 33 controls (19 males, mean age 37 years) were studied. Subjects were compared with Baron-Cohen´s Face Emotion Recognition Test. Full faces and portions of mouths and eyes were used. All patients completed the SASS of Social Adjustment and were examined with a neuropsychological battery (WECHSLER, STROOP, Letter-Number Test, California Verbal Learning Test, TOULOUSE, COWAT) and the PANSS. Results: Patients show a significantly worse performance in the Emotion Recognition Test in all categories. No relationships were found between the face emotion recognition scores and the PANSS or SASS. There are significant associations between the I.Q., attention and resistance to interference and the ability to recognize facial expressions.
doi:10.4067/s0717-92272007000200005 fatcat:gzs2xjfzg5g5zkemeq5dgaloqa