Antioxidant supplementation influences the neutrophil tocopherol associated protein expression, but not the inflammatory response to exercise
Open Life Sciences
AbstractIntense exercise induces inflammatory-like changes and oxidative stress in immune cells. Our aim was to study the effects of antioxidant diet supplementation on the neutrophil inflammatory response and on the tocopherol associated protein (TAP) expression after exhaustive exercise. Fourteen male-trained amateur runners were randomly divided in two placebo and supplemented groups. Vitamins C (152 mg/d) and E (50 mg/d) supplementation were administrated to the athletes for a month, using
... for a month, using an almond based isotonic and energetic beverage. Non-enriched beverage was given to the placebo group. After one month, the subjects participated in a half-marathon race (21 km-run). Neutrophil TAP mRNA expression and markers of the inflammatory response were determined before, immediately after, and 3 h after finishing the half-marathon race. TAP expression increased after exercise mainly in the neutrophils of the placebo group. Exercise induced an inflammatory response in both placebo and supplemented groups, manifested with neutrophilia, increased creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase serum activities, neutrophil luminol chemiluminescence and myeloperoxidase release. Plasma malondialdehyde only increased in the placebo group after exercise. Diet supplementation with moderate levels of antioxidant vitamins avoids plasma damage in response to exhaustive exercise without the effects on the inflammatory process. Neutrophil degranulation and increased tocopherol associated protein could contribute to the neutrophil protection from the oxidative stress.