Surface Subsidence Prognosis above an Underground Longwall Excavation and Based on 3D Point Cloud Analysis

Andrej Pal, Janez Rošer, Milivoj Vulić
2020 Minerals  
Impacts of underground mining have been reduced by continuous environmental endeavors, scientific, and engineering research activities, whose main object is the behavior and control of the undermined rock mass and the subsequent surface subsidence. In the presented Velenje case of underground sublevel longwall mining where coal is being exploited both horizontal and vertical, backfilling processes and accompanying fracturing in the coal layer, and rock mass are causing uncontrolled subsidence
more » ... rolled subsidence of the surface above. 3D point clouds of the study were acquired in ten epochs and at excavation heights on the front were measured at the same epochs. By establishing a sectors layout in the observational area, smaller point clouds were obtained, to which planes were fitted and centroids of these planes then calculated. Centroid heights were analyzed with the FNSE model to estimate the time of consolidation and modified according to excavation parameters to determine total subsidence after a certain period. Proposed prognosis approaches for estimating consolidation of active subsidence and long term surface environmental protection measures have been proposed and presented. The C2C analysis of distances between acquired 3D point clouds was used for identification of surface subsidence, reclamation areas and sink holes, and for validation of feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed prognosis.
doi:10.3390/min10010082 fatcat:55dmvmay4bad5kz2b4etr2niia