(Not-so) Unexpected Tumor Response to Palliative Pelvic Radiotherapy in Mismatch Repair-Deficient Advanced Prostate Cancer
Mismatch-repair-deficiency resulting in microsatellite instability (MSI) may confer increased radiosensitivity in locally advanced/metastatic tumors and thus radiotherapy (RT) potentially might have a changing role in treating this subset of patients, alone or in combination with checkpoint inhibitors. We report a 76year-old patient presenting with locally advanced undifferentiated prostate cancer (LAPC), infiltrating bladder and rectum. Molecular analysis revealed high-MSI with an altered
... ith an altered expression of MSH2 and MSH6 at immunohistochemistry. Two months after 6 chemotherapy cycles with Docetaxel associated to an LHRH analogue, a CT scan showed stable disease. After palliative RT (30Gy/10 fractions) directed to the tumor mass with a 3D-conformal setup, a follow-up CT scan at 8 weeks revealed an impressive response, that remained stable at CT after 9 months, with sustained biochemical response. To our knowledge, this is the first case of such a sustained response to low dose RT alone in H-MSI LAPC.Routine evaluation of MSI in patients with locally problematic advanced tumors might change treatment strategy and treatment aim in this setting, from a purely palliative approach to a quasi-curative paradigm.