The prevalence of substance use among adolescents and its correlation with social and demographic factors

Dusica Rakic, Branislava Rakic, Zoran Milosevic, Ivan Nedeljkovic
2014 Vojnosanitetski Pregled  
Backround/Aim. Adolescence is the period of greatest risk of starting to use substances: cigarette smoking, alcohol and illicit drugs. In the first decade of this millennium substance use among adolescents has increased. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of substances use among adolescents and its correlation with social and demographic factors. Methods. The study was conducted among adolescents in Novi Sad during 2010-2011 and included 594 conveniently selected adolescents
more » ... cted adolescents (275 male and 319 female), aged 15-19 years. A special questionnaire was used and statistical analysis performed in SPSS17. The correlation between parameters was evaluated by the Pearson correlation method and frequency differences were analysed using 2 test and starting level was p < 0.05. Results. The prevalence of substance use was statistically higher in males. Cigarettes were smoked daily by 21.45% males and 15.67% females (p < 0.01), alcohol was consumed by 81.6% males and 69.11% females (p < 0.001) and illicit drugs were used by 13.65% males and 8.30% females (p < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between smoking cigarettes and alcohol consumption, but negative between smoking cigarettes and the use of illicit drugs (p < 0.01). The prevalence of substance use was statistically higher among adolescents with poor achievement in school (p < 0.01), who lived in a broken home (illicit drugs p < 0.01) and who had more pocket money (cigarette smoking p < 0.01, and alcohol consumption p < 0.5). Conclusion. Stable family, lower amount of pocket money weekly and good school performance are protective factors in prevention of substances use among adolescents. Apstrakt Uvod/Cilj. Adolescencija je period najve eg rizika za po etak upotrebe psihoaktivnih supstanci: pušenje cigareta, konzumacije alkohola i nezakonitih droga. U prvoj deceniji novog milenijuma zapažen je porast upotrebe psihoaktivnih supstanci kod adolescenata. Cilj rada bio je utvr ivanje prevalencije upotrebe psihoaktivnih supstanci kod adolescenata i povezanost sa sociodemografskim faktorima. Metode. Istraživanje je sprovedeno me u adolescentima u Novom Sadu, tokom 2010-2011. godine, i uklju ilo je 594 adolescenta (275 muških i 319 ženskih), uzrasta 15-19 godina. Koriš en je anketni upitnik, specijalno sastavljen za ovo istraživanje. Statistika obrada ra ena je u SPSS17. Povezanost parametara procenjivana je metodama korelacije po Pirsonu, a razlike frekvencija ispitane su pomo u 2 -testa. Po etni stepen statisti ke zna ajnosti bio je p < 0,05. Rezultati. Rasprostranjenost upotrebe psihoaktivnih supstanci bila je statisti ki ve a kod muškog pola. Cigarete je pušilo 21,45% muških i 15,67% ženskih (p < 0,01), alkohol konzumiralo 81,6% muških i 69,11% ženskih (p < 0,001) i nezakonite droge koristilo 13,65% muških i 8,30% ženskih ispitanika (p < 0,05). Postojala je pozitivna korelacija izme u pušenja cigareta i konzumiranja alkohola, a negativna kod koriš enja nezakonitih droga (p < 0,01). U estalost upotrebe psihoaktivnih supstanci bila je statisti ki ve a kod adolescenata koji imaju lošiji uspeh u školi (p < 0,01), žive u poreme enim porodicama (pušenje cigareta p < 0,5, nezakonite droge p < 0,01) i imaju ve i nedeljni džeparac (pušenje cigareta p < 0,5; konzumiranja alkohola p < 0,01). Zaklju ak. Stabilna porodica, mali nedeljni džeparac i odlian uspeh u školi su protektivni faktori u prevenciji upotrebe psihoaktivnih supstanci kod adolescenata. Klju ne re i: poreme aji izazvani supstancama; adolescenti; pušenje; alkohol, pijenje; uli ni lekovi; faktori rizika. Strana 468 VOJNOSANITETSKI PREGLED Volumen 71, Broj 5 Raki D, et al. Vojnosanit Pregl 2014; 71(5): 467-473.
doi:10.2298/vsp1405467r pmid:26137712 fatcat:h76qmgzs5rh6pe32hcrddbnfhm