Debates with small transparent quantum verifiers [article]

Abuzer Yakaryilmaz and A. C. Cem Say, H. Gökalp Demirci
2015 arXiv   pre-print
We study a model where two opposing provers debate over the membership status of a given string in a language, trying to convince a weak verifier whose coins are visible to all. We show that the incorporation of just two qubits to an otherwise classical constant-space verifier raises the class of debatable languages from at most NP to the collection of all Turing-decidable languages (recursive languages). When the verifier is further constrained to make the correct decision with probability 1,
more » ... he corresponding class goes up from the regular languages up to at least E. We also show that the quantum model outperforms its classical counterpart when restricted to run in polynomial time, and demonstrate some non-context-free languages which have such short debates with quantum verifiers.
arXiv:1405.1655v2 fatcat:i6t2e4n3wvemxigqm43y6usrai