Monitoring one's own knowledge during study: A cue-utilization approach to judgments of learning

Asher Koriat
1997 Journal of experimental psychology. General  
How do people monitor their knowledge during acquisition? A cue-utilization approach to judgments of learning (JOLs) is outlined, distinguishing 3 types of cues for JOLs: intrinsic, extrinsic, and mnemonic. In 4 experiments using paired-associates learning, item difficulty (intrinsic) exerted similar effects on JOLs and recall. In contrast, the extrinsic factors of list repetition, item repetition within a list, and stimulus duration affected JOLs less strongly than recall, supporting the
more » ... ition that extrinsic factors are discounted in making JOLs. Although practice impaired calibration, increasing underconfidence, it did improve resolution (i.e., the recall-JOL correlation. This improvement was seen to reflect a shift in the basis of JOLs with practice, from reliance on intrinsic factors, towards greater reliance on mnemonic-based heuristics. 2 Monitoring One's Own Knowledge during Study: A cue-utilization approach to judgments of learning There has been a great deal of interest in recent years in the metacognitive processes that supervise and control various aspects of information processing and
doi:10.1037//0096-3445.126.4.349 fatcat:6w5g63ia6nb4nndco3sogv5g5e