A comparison of non-pulsed radiofrequency and pulsed radiofrequency glow discharge orthogonal time-of-flight mass spectrometry for analytical purposes

L. Lobo, J. Pisonero, N. Bordel, R. Pereiro, A. Tempez, P. Chapon, J. Michler, M. Hohl, A. Sanz-Medel
2009 Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry  
The analytical potential of a radiofrequency glow discharge orthogonal time-of-flight mass spectrometer (RFGD-TOFMS) has been evaluated in both pulsed and non-pulsed modes. A certified reference steel was selected for this study. The operating conditions of the GD plasma (pressure and applied power) were optimized in terms of sensitivity. Additionally, duty cycle and pulse width parameters were investigated in the pulsed RF mode. In this case, high analyte ion signals and improved signal to
more » ... roved signal to background ratios were measured after the end of the pulse, in the so-called afterglow domain. The analyte ion signals were normalized to sputtering rates to compare different operating conditions. It was found that the sensitivity in the pulsed mode was improved in comparison to the non-pulsed mode; however, the factor of enhancement is element dependent. Moreover, improved analytical performance was obtained in terms of ion separation capabilities as well as in terms of accuracy and precision in the evaluation of the isotopic ratios, using the pulsed RFGD-TOFMS. Additionally, depth profile analyses of a Zn/Ni coating on steel were performed and the non-pulsed and pulsed RFGD-TOFMS analytical performances were compared.
doi:10.1039/b908038d fatcat:kcjsvcbobzb5recpuvebd7grdy