Classification of diffraction patterns in single particle imaging experiments performed at x-ray free-electron lasers using a convolutional neural network

Alexandr Ignatenko, Dameli Assalauova, Sergey A Bobkov, Luca Gelisio, Anton B Teslyuk, Viacheslav A Ilyin, Ivan A Vartanyants
Single particle imaging (SPI) is a promising method of native structure determination, which has undergone fast progress with the development of x-ray free-electron lasers. Large amounts of data are collected during SPI experiments, driving the need for automated data analysis. The necessary data analysis pipeline has a number of steps including binary object classification (single versus non-single hits). Classification and object detection are areas where deep neural networks currently
more » ... orm other approaches. In this work, we use the fast object detector networks YOLOv2 and YOLOv3. By exploiting transfer learning, a moderate amount of data is sufficient to train the neural network. We demonstrate here that a convolutional neural network can be successfully used to classify data from SPI experiments. We compare the results of classification for the two different networks, with different depth and architecture, by applying them to the same SPI data with different data representation. The best results are obtained for diffracted intensity represented by color images on a linear scale using YOLOv2 for classification. It shows an accuracy of about 95% with precision and recall of about 50% and 60%, respectively, in comparison to manual data classification.
doi:10.3204/pubdb-2022-00507 fatcat:lrcrdtifuncnvlgzgszhf5cfdi