Evolutionary differences in chromosomal locations of four early genes of the tryptophan pathway in fluorescent pseudomonads: DNA sequences and characterization of Pseudomonas putida trpE and trpGDC
Journal of Bacteriology
Pseudomonas putida possesses seven structural genes for enzymes of the tryptophan pathway. All but one, trpG, which encodes the small (beta) subunit of anthranilate synthase, have been mapped on the circular chromosome. This report describes the cloning and sequencing of P. putida trpE, trpG, trpD, and trpC. In P. putida and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, DNA sequence analysis as well as growth and enzyme assays of insertionally inactivated strains indicated that trpG is the first gene in a three-gene
... ene in a three-gene operon that also contains trpD and trpC. In P. putida, trpE is 2.2 kilobases upstream from the trpGDC cluster, whereas in P. aeruginosa, they are separated by at least 25 kilobases (T. Shinomiya, S. Shiga, and M. Kageyama, Mol. Gen. Genet., 189:382-389, 1983). The DNA sequence in P. putida shows an open reading frame on the opposite strand between trpE and trpGDC; this putative gene was not characterized. Evidence is also presented for sequence similarities in the 5' untranslated regions of trpE and trpGDC in both pseudomonads; the function of these regions is unknown, but it is possible that they play some role in regulation of these genes, since all the genes respond to repression by tryptophan. The sequences of the anthranilate synthase genes in the fluorescent pseudomonads resemble those of p-aminobenzoate synthase genes of the enteric bacteria more closely than the anthranilate synthase genes of those organisms; however, no requirement for p-aminobenzoate was found in the Pseudomonas mutants created in this study.