Eligibility for allogeneic transplantation in very high risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: the impact of the waiting time

A. Balduzzi, P. De Lorenzo, A. Schrauder, V. Conter, C. Uderzo, C. Peters, T. Klingebiel, J. Stary, M. S. Felice, E. Magyarosy, M. Schrappe, G. Dini (+2 others)
2008 Haematologica  
The advantage of allogeneic transplant from compatible related donors versus chemotherapy in children with very-high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission was previously demonstrated in an international prospective trial. This study quantified the impact of time elapsed in first remission in the same cohort. Of 357 pediatric patients with very-high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 259 received chemotherapy, 55 transplantation from compatible related and 43 from
more » ... and 43 from unrelated donors. The 5-year diseasefree survival was 44.2% overall and 42.5% for chemotherapy only patients. The chemotherapy conditional 5-year disease-free survival increased to 44.4%, 47.6%, 51.7%, and 60.4% in patients who maintained their first remission for at least 3, 6, 9, and 12 months respectively. The overall outcome was superior to that obtained with chemotherapy-only at any time-point. The relative advantage of transplant from compatible related donors in very-high-risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia was consistent for any time elapsed in first remission.
doi:10.3324/haematol.12291 pmid:18413892 fatcat:aqbvxqcbsrcwbjz2krzrygh7ke