Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3β in pancreatic cancer
Open Life Sciences
AbstractSignal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) has four isoforms: α, β, γ and δ. STAT3α and STAT3β are the transcriptionally active isoforms, while STAT3γ and STAT3δ are the products of STAT3 proteolytic degradation. STAT3 plays an important role in angiogenesis, cell proliferation and apoptosis. High levels of STAT3β in blood cells from acute leukaemia patients have been reported, suggesting that STAT3β may play an important role in cancerogenesis. Fourteen pancreatic
... en pancreatic cancer patients and six chronic pancreatitis patients were included in this pilot study. Levels of STAT3 isoforms from samples with pancreatic cancer and in adjacent histologically-normal pancreatic tissue were analysed. Pancreas from chronic pancreatitis patients served as a non-neoplastic tissue. Western-blot analysis of STAT3 proteins with the use of anti-STAT3 antibodies was performed. STAT3α and STAT3β isoforms in both cancerous and in adjacent normal tissues were found in 10 of 14. In chronic pancreatitis patients, only STAT3α and STAT3δ were detected. STAT3β was absent in pancreas from chronic pancreatitis patients, in contrast to pancreatic cancer patients. The presence of STAT3β in pancreatic cancer and in adjacent histologically-normal tissues, but not in inflamed tissues suggests that STAT3β may play a key role in cancer development.