Entropy in the natural time domain

P. A. Varotsos, N. V. Sarlis, E. S. Skordas, M. S. Lazaridou
2004 Physical Review E  
A surrogate data analysis is presented, which is based on the fluctuations of the "entropy" S defined in the natural time-domain [Phys. Rev. E 68, 031106, 2003]. This entropy is not a static one as, for example, the Shannon entropy. The analysis is applied to three types of time-series, i.e., seismic electric signals, "artificial" noises and electrocardiograms, and "recognizes" the non-Markovianity in all these signals. Furthermore, it differentiates the electrocardiograms of healthy humans
more » ... those of the sudden cardiac death ones. If δ S and δ S_shuf denote the standard deviation when calculating the entropy by means of a time-window sweeping through the original data and the "shuffled" (randomized) data, respectively, it seems that the ratio δ S_shuf/δ S plays a key-role. The physical meaning of δ S_shuf is investigated.
doi:10.1103/physreve.70.011106 pmid:15324041 fatcat:ajun2kh23favddqqora3zjrf7i