Quality of Life in Patients With Psoriasis Seen in the Department of Dermatology, Antananarivo Madagascar
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory and multifactorial dermatosis that impairs quality of life (QoL). Health-related QoL has become an important element in medical decision making along with the effectiveness and the harmlessness of the treatments. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of psoriasis in the QoL of patients with psoriasis by using the DLQI scales. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, during ten months, was conducted in the Department of Dermatology of the University Hospital
... iversity Hospital Joseph Raseta Befelatanana Antananarivo Madagascar including patients more than 15 years-old with moderate to severe psoriasis. The severity of psoriasis was assessed using the "Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI)". QoL of patients with psoriasis was evaluated by using the DLQI scales. RESULTS: 80 patients were included, their mean age was 36,52 years and the male to female was 1,5:1. The mean DLQI score was 13,85. Symptoms, feelings and psychic were the most altered dimensions. QoL was impaired in young patients, single, having medium level education. Even though patients with disease duration more than 5 years had higher DLQI score than other patients, the difference was not statistically significant (p=0,36). Furthermore, clinical presentation of psoriasis didn't influence patient's QoL (p=0,73). Patients with nail involvement had QoL impaired but the difference with another localization was not statistically significant (p=0,2).