Refocusing of Moving Targets in SAR Images via Parametric Sparse Representation
In this paper, a parametric sparse representation (PSR) method is proposed for refocusing of moving targets in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. In regular SAR images, moving targets are defocused due to unknown motion parameters. Refocusing of moving targets requires accurate phase compensation of echo data. In the proposed method, the region of interest (ROI) data containing the moving targets are extracted from the complex SAR image and represented in a sparse fashion through a
... through a parametric transform, which is related to the phase compensation parameter. By updating the reflectivities of moving target scatterers and the parametric transform in an iterative fashion, the phase compensation parameter can be accurately estimated and the SAR images of moving targets can be refocused well. The proposed method directly operates on small-size defocused ROI data, which helps to reduce the computational burden and suppress the clutter. Compared to other existing ROI-based methods, the proposed method can suppress asymmetric side-lobes and improve the image quality. Both simulated data and real SAR data collected by GF-3 satellite are used to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method.