La actividad de las Cortes Generales entre 1979 y 2000 desde la perspectiva del «gobierno de partido» La actividad de las Cortes Generales entre 1979 y 2000 desde la perspectiva del «gobierno de partido»

Manuel Sánchez de Dios
2005 Política y Sociedad  
In this paper we will consider the activity of the Spanish Cortes in law production and the control of the executive during the six parliaments of the democratic government. We mainly pay attention to the output of the lower chamber due to the asymmetrical bicameralism and weak status of the Senate. In Spain the legislative output has been dependent on different situations of party government. In general terms the Cortes have been always very active in controlling the executive and its
more » ... ve and its participation in law-making was highly relevant when there was a minority government. Because parties are central actors in parliament and due to the strong party discipline in the Spanish case we mainly studied parliament output from the viewpoint of strategies of opposition parties. Sometimes parties behaved through parliament procedures in a competitive way while in others they behave cooperatively. There was a great variety of patterns of strategic behavior on account of the different situations of party government and the diverse opposition parties. Half of the parliaments had minority governments in which minority parties were playing a very relevant role supporting the government in parliament; however, the main opposition party was never the same since there were two alternations in governmentEn este artículo se analiza la actividad de las Cortes Generales en la producción de leyes y el control parlamentario del Gobierno durante las seis primeras legislaturas. Se pone la atención principalmente en la actividad de la cámara baja, debido al bicameralismo asimétrico y al débil status del Senado. La actividad legislativa y de control se analizan tomando en consideración las diferentes situaciones de «gobierno de partido». En términos generales, las Cortes han sido siempre muy activas en el control del ejecutivo y, además, su participación en la producción legislativa ha sido muy relevante cuando se ha dado la situación de gobierno minoritario. Al ser los partidos políticos los actores centrales en el parlamento, y debido a [...]
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