Daybreak in Turkey
Bulletin of the American Geographical Society
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... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Geographical Literature and Maps. Geographical Literature and Maps. own country. Before their construction he travelled extensively throughout Austrian lands and the border regions. His cartographical activities began about 1545 with maps of Upper and Lower Austria. The plan then conceived developed, in I56I, into his very significant atlas or "Typi chorographici Austria." In I556, on command of the Emperor, he produced his large map of Hungary, which is reproduced in the size of the original. In a special chapter the authors consider the igeneral question of Austrian cartography, noting what had been achieved before Lazius and how much he added, which in reality entitles him to be called the founder of Austrian cartography. In the preparation of his Atlas or "Typi," Lazius had constantly in mind the historical conditions of the provinces described, and as a result, so the authors affirm, we have here one of the oldest examples of an historical atlas. The maps of this Atlas are what the Germans call "Plankarten," not being drawn to scale. Each is oval in form and has as a sort of encompassing background the Austrian Coat of Arms. This elaborate map border ornamentation is quite characteristic of the age, and it is not infrequent that one finds here a high order of the engraver's art exhibited. The Lazius borders are, however, much inferior to the Italian workmanship of the day, but the authors note that his maps give us examples of some of the earliest copper-plate work in Germany. True to his conception of geography, Lazius has peopled each of the title-pages to the several provincial maps with the folk of an earlier day-warriors, rulers, peasants, characteristically clad. The text of our authors briefly describes each of the twelve maps, pointing out their chief characteristic features. In chapters of adequate length the map of Hungary and the map showing the battlefields of I556 are each described, it being clearly pointed out that Lazius was pre-eminent among the German map-makers of his day and lent an influence which reached well on into the Eighteenth century. E. L. S.