Regulatory Effect of DNA Topoisomerase I on T3SS Activity, Antibiotic Susceptibility and Quorum- Sensing-Independent Pyocyanin Synthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Topoisomerases are required for alleviating supercoiling of DNA during transcription and replication. Recent evidence suggests that supercoiling of bacterial DNA can affect bacterial pathogenicity. To understand the potential regulatory role of a topoisomerase I (TopA) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, we investigated a previously isolated topA mutation using genetic approaches. We here report the effects of the altered topoisomerase in P. aeruginosa on type III secretion system, antibiotic
... tibiotic susceptibility, biofilm initiation, and pyocyanin production. We found that topA was essential in P. aeruginosa, but a transposon mutant lacking the 13 amino acid residues at the C-terminal of the TopA and a mutant, named topA-RM, in which topA was split into three fragments were viable. The reduced T3SS expression in topA-RM seemed to be directly related to TopA functionality, but not to DNA supercoiling. The drastically increased pyocyanin production in the mutant was a result of up-regulation of the pyocyanin related genes, and the regulation was mediated through the transcriptional regulator PrtN, which is known to regulate bacteriocin. The well-established regulatory pathway, quorum sensing, was unexpectedly not involved in the increased pyocyanin synthesis. Our results demonstrated the unique roles of TopA in T3SS activity, antibiotic susceptibility, initial biofilm formation, and secondary metabolite production, and revealed previously unknown regulatory pathways.