Soil sampling with drones and augmented reality in precision agriculture

Janna Huuskonen, Timo Oksanen
2018 Computers and Electronics in Agriculture  
A B S T R A C T Soil sampling is an important tool to gather information for making proper decisions regarding the fertilization of fields. Depending on the national regulations, the minimum frequency may be once per five years and spatially every ten hectares. For precision farming purposes, this is not sufficient. In precision farming, the challenge is to collect the samples from such regions that are internally consistent while limiting the number of samples required. For this purpose,
more » ... ment zones are used to divide the field into smaller regions. This article presents a novel approach to automatically determine the locations for soil samples based on a soil map created from drone imaging after ploughing, and a wearable augmented reality technology to guide the user to the generated sample points. Finally, the article presents the results of a demonstration carried out in southern Finland.
doi:10.1016/j.compag.2018.08.039 fatcat:hjip4z5is5flrldxxwjquuvkqy