TRADISI MAHAR DI RANAH LOKALITAS UMAT ISLAM: MAHAR DAN STRUKTUR SOSIAL DI MASYARAKAT MUSLIM INDONESIA

Noryamin Aini
2015 Ahkam: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah  
Mahar Tradition in Muslim Locality: Mahar and Social Structure in Indonesian Muslim Society. Law consists of two fundamentals: moral and formal dimensions. Muslim legal scholars greatly appreciate the interplay of both aspects. Legal positivism separates them and law is ultimately framed in a formal-standard logical construct. Legal moral values are universal. It is flexible, universal and can be easily adapted into local contexts. Sociologically, social and cultural structure has proven to
more » ... e has proven to play an important role in the structuring of legal format. This paper proves that the practice of dower in a number of Muslim societies changes and varies crossing local boundaries. The dower tradition has been changed from money and other practical objects, into more symbolic materials, namely accessories and religious symbols. Abstrak. Tradisi Mahar di Ranah Lokalitas Umat Islam: Mahar dan Struktur Sosial di Masyarakat Muslim Indonesia. Hukum memiliki dua unsur utama, moral dan formal. Para fukaha sangat mengapresiasi keduanya. Namun tradisi positivisme hukum mereduksi basis moral. Hukum akhirnya terjebak dalam konstruk logis yang formal-baku. Nilai-nilai moral hukum tetap bersifat universal. Ia seperti benda cair, lentur dan mudah beradaptasi dengan konteks temporer-lokal. Secara sosiologis, struktur sosial dan budaya terbukti berperan penting dalam menstrukturisasi format hukum. Walau secara formal format hukum tetap, faktanya studi ini membuktikan bahwa praktek hukum mahar di sejumlah masyarakat Islam mengalami perubahan dan perbedaan yang signifikan lintas ruang dan waktu. Wujud mahar berubah dari tradisi uang ke format simbol penampilan (perhiasan) dan simbol agama.
doi:10.15408/ajis.v17i1.1239 fatcat:hkckgwn6jzhrxanfe6weflvtz4