Home Sanitary Improvements Program as Vector of Change in the Brazilian Public Health Scenario: A Strategy for the Fulfillment of a Human Right
ARC Journal of Public Health and Community Medicine
The Brazilian Home Sanitary Improvements Program (HSIP) intends to intervene in homes, attending to basic necessities of sanitation, in municipalities up to 50.000 inhabitants. The present study analyzed the relationship between the HSIP and its benefits to population's life quality, and the National Health Foundation's role as an induction vector for public politics in the sector. Methods: The study collected data, through questionnaires, in five of 29 municipalities from the State of Rio
... e State of Rio Grande do Sul that have been using HSIP between 2008-2015. To the municipality of Mostardas, interviews were conducted. The data obtained through the questionnaires and interviews were treated by the Content Analysis. Results : It was possible to infer an improvement on sanitary conditions, and resulting reduction of environmental contamination. However, the population of Mostardas showed discontentment towards the quality of the sanitary modules and the way as the program was conducted in their homes. With regard to the Municipality Sanitation Workshop (MSW), central to full development of the HSIP, there were no evidences of its implantation. Conclusion: HSIP can be an alternative to conventional solutions when associated with use of educational and social structures. FUNASA, in its current template of acting, partially fulfill its role.