Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy on the Effect of PCSK9 Inhibitor on Lipoprotein Particles in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes(ACS)
Objective: To assess the effects of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor (evolocumab) on blood lipid level, lipoprotein particles, and their subfractions with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in patients with acute coronary syndromes(ACS).Methods: A total of 99 consecutive patients with ACS and poor lipid control were enrolled and assigned to either the experimental group (n = 54) or the control group (n = 45). The combination therapy of PCSK9 inhibitor
... f PCSK9 inhibitor (Repatha ® , 140mg, q2w) and moderate statin (rosuvastatin, 10 mg, qn) was administered in the experimental group, with moderate statin therapy (rosuvastatin, 10 mg, qn) alone in the control group. The therapeutic effects on blood lipid levels and lipoprotein particle subfractions were assessed with NMR spectroscopy after eight weeks of treatment, and the achievement of LDL-C treatment target in both groups was analyzed.Results: In the experimental group, after eight weeks of evolocumab and moderate statin combination therapy, the level of blood lipids (TC, LDL-C and its subfractions [LDL-1 to 6], VLDL-C and its subfractions [VLDL-1 to 5], IDL-C, and HDL-C), lipoprotein particles, and their subfractions (VLDL-P, IDL-P, LDL-P, and its subfractions [LDL-P1 to 6], apoB, and LP(a)) demonstrated therapeutic benefits with statistical significance (P < 0.05). Lowered level of LDL-P was attributed to the significant decrease of small LDL-P (LDL-P5+6), which was significantly more prominent than the decrease in medium LDL-P (LDL-P3+4) and large LDL-P (LDL-P1+2) (P < 0.001). According to lipid control target recommended by the latest China Cholesterol Education Program (CCEP) Expert Consensus in 2019, the percentage of patients reaching the treatment target differed significantly between the experimental group and the control group (96.3% and 13.3%, respectively, P < 0.001).Conclusions: PCSK9 inhibitor treatment for 8 weeks could significantly improve the plasma lipid profiles in ACS patients with poor lipid control, and significantly decrease the concentration of lipoprotein particles which could result in atherosclerosis.