DAZL mediates a broad translational program regulating expansion and differentiation of spermatogonial progenitors [article]

Maria M. Mikedis, Yuting Fan, Peter K. Nicholls, Tsutomu Endo, Emily K. Jackson, Sarah A. Cobb, Dirk G. de Rooij, David C. Page
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
AbstractFertility across metazoa requires the germline-specific DAZ family of RNA-binding proteins. Here we examine whether DAZL directly regulates progenitor spermatogonia using a conditional genetic mouse model and in vivo biochemical approaches combined with chemical synchronization of spermatogenesis. We find that the absence of Dazl impairs both expansion and differentiation of the spermatogonial progenitor population. In undifferentiated spermatogonia, DAZL binds the 3' UTRs of ∼2,500
more » ... UTRs of ∼2,500 protein-coding genes. Some targets are known regulators of spermatogonial proliferation and differentiation while others are broadly expressed, dosage-sensitive factors that control transcription and RNA metabolism. DAZL binds 3' UTR sites conserved across vertebrates at a UGUU(U/A) motif. By assessing ribosome occupancy in undifferentiated spermatogonia, we find that DAZL increases translation of its targets. In total, DAZL orchestrates a broad translational program that amplifies protein levels of key spermatogonial and gene regulatory factors to promote the expansion and differentiation of progenitor spermatogonia.
doi:10.1101/2020.03.08.982769 fatcat:afrq66rnjzhvhiv7otktj3ap4i