Presence of deoxynivalenol in small-grain samples from 2009/10 harvest season
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke
I g o r M . J a j i ć 1 , R a d i v o j e M . J e v t i ć 2 , V e r i c a B . J u r i ć 1 , S a š a Z . K r s t o v i ć 1 , M i r j a n a S . T e l e č k i 2 , J o v a n a J . M a t i ć 3 , S a n d r a M . Đ i l a s 4 , B i l j a n a F . A b r a m o v i ć 5 ABSTRACT: Fusarium head blight (FHB) is present in all growing regions of small grains and causes significant losses in yield and grain quality. In our environmental conditions, dominant species is Fusarium graminearum Group 2. During
... up 2. During 2009/10 there was a significant Fusarium infestation on wheat, barley and triticale. The aim of this study was to examine the contents of deoxynivalenol (DON) in cereal samples taken after 2009/10 harvest season. We analyzed 22 NS varieties of small grains from Rimski Šančevi, including 16 varieties of winter wheat, one facultative wheat variety, four varieties of winter barley and one variety of triticale. Analytical methods based on clean-up by solid-phase extraction (SPE) columns and detection by liquid chromatography were used. Fifteen out the 22 analyzed samples were positive for the presence of DON at a mean level of 0.537 mg/kg. The highest concentration was 1.952 mg/kg. These findings were in correlation with percentage of the Fusarium damaged kernels.