Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) in Pregnant Women and Its Associated Risk Factors: A Novel Study from Pakistan
Anemia is a very common problem in obstetrics and perinatal care. Iron deficiency and related anemia during pregnancy are highly prevalent both in developed and underdeveloped counties and even within a country in different geographical regions with different etiologies such as standards of living. To find the differences in the prevalence and causes of IDA as well as contribution of different etiological factors in promoting IDA in pregnant women. A sample size of 280 was calculated and the
... lculated and the study was carried to analyze the frequency of IDA at Khyber Teaching Hospital and the impact percentage of different etiological factors in development of IDA in pregnant women of age less than 40 years and without any comorbidities. Following causes were identified; low socioeconomic state, food quality, education level, number of previous pregnancies and stage (trimester) of pregnancy. Out of 280 pregnant women 185 were found normal Hb levels, 84 having mild anemia ,11 were found to have mild anemia. 95 women had microcytic anemia. Additionally, 173 out of total anemia pts were found to have monthly income of less than 20,000 being the most predictable factor. Third trimester was mostly credited for IDA in pregnancy. Similarly triplet, followed by twin and then singleton pregnancy was responsible for IDA. Anemia has serious longterm effects on the health of mother as well as fetus besides obstetrics complications.