The Essence of Civil Society in Democracy

Saverinus Rio Jama
2021 JED (Jurnal Etika Demokrasi)  
Currently, the role of civil society tends to be stronger in counterbalancing state domination through a democratic system. The state's efforts to create a responsive civil society, namely continuing to instill democratic values based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. This article aims to examine the prospects for civil society in a democracy. This research uses a qualitative descriptive approach with the type of literature study with data sources in the form
more » ... f journals, books, and working papers that are relevant to deductive, inductive, and comparative data analysis. The results show that civil society in the current democracy frame is seen as being able to balance the dominance of the state in policymaking. However, if we look at it, on the other hand, it is quite difficult for us to argue with the actors and political elites, businessmen, and other elites who are not directly involved with the government so that their role is able to determine the wheels of policy as their output even though it may reduce the legitimacy of the state. This is also when we elaborate with the theory of democracy according to Robeth Dahl, where basically modern democracy today is strongly influenced by the capitalization and liberalization of the market economy sector which has a significant double impact on the prospect of a complete democracy.
doi:10.26618/jed.v6i1.4369 fatcat:gem5zxoz6zar3izbvyeinsmt2e