Long-Term Outcomes of T1 Colorectal Cancer after Endoscopic Resection

Eun Young Park, Dong Hoon Baek, Moon Won Lee, Gwang Ha Kim, Do Youn Park, Geun Am Song
2020 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
and Aims: Endoscopic resection (ER) for submucosal invasive colorectal cancer (T1 CRC) can be grouped as curative ER (C-ER) and non-curative ER (NC-ER). Little is known about the long-term outcomes of patients in these two groups. Therefore, we have evaluated the long-term outcomes in endoscopically resected T1 CRC patients in C-ER and NC-ER groups. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on 220 patients with T1 CRC treated with ER from January 2007 to December 2017. First, we investigated
more » ... t, we investigated the long-term outcomes (5-year overall survival [OS] and recurrence-free survival [RFS]) in the C-ER group (n = 49). In the NC-ER group (n = 171), we compared long-term outcomes between patients who underwent additional surgical resection (ASR) (n = 117) and those who did not (surveillance-only, n = 54). Results: T1 CRC patients in the C-ER and NC-ER groups had a median follow-up of 44 (interquartile range 32–69) months. There was no risk of tumor recurrence and cancer-related deaths in patients with C-ER. In the NC-ER group, the 5-year OS rates were 75.3% and 92.6% in the surveillance-only and ASR subgroups, respectively. The hazard ratio (HR) for ASR in NC-ER vs. surveillance-only in NC-ER was statistically insignificant. However, RFS rates were significantly different between the ASR (97.2%) and surveillance-only (84.0%) subgroups. Multivariate analysis indicated a submucosal invasion depth (SID) of >2500 µm and margin positivity to be associated with recurrence. Conclusions: The surveillance-only approach can be considered as an alternative surgical option for T1 CRCs in selected patients undergoing NC-ER.
doi:10.3390/jcm9082451 pmid:32751830 fatcat:czwmxx7s4vhptefkrrwfz6eir4