Present verbs and their contexts in bilingual oral narratives
Eesti ja Soome-ugri Keeleteaduse Ajakiri
The paper discusses the use of present verbs in ten Estonian-Võru narrative pairs. The research questions are: which narrative tenses with which roles are used in Estonian and Võru narratives; in which narrative parts can present verbs be found; and which present contexts are used in the Võru narratives when compared to the Estonian narratives. It could be concluded that the deictic past, the deictic present and the conversational historical present are used in eight different contexts. These
... t contexts. These are the introduction, the conclusion, reporting verbs, the asides (universal truths, descriptions of the present situation caused by past events and comments to the listener without the direct address), addresses to the listener, the future meaning, the conversational historical present switch and the indirect speech. In the Võru narratives, narrative events were conveyed using more preterite verbs when compared to the Estonian narratives, where descriptions of narrative events contained more present verbs.