On the Use of Low-Cost RGB-D Sensors for Autonomous Pothole Detection with Spatial Fuzzy c-Means Segmentation [chapter]

Yashon Ombado Ouma
2019 Geographic Information Systems in Geospatial Intelligence [Working Title]  
The automated detection of pavement distress from remote sensing imagery is a promising but challenging task due to the complex structure of pavement surfaces, in addition to the intensity of non-uniformity, and the presence of artifacts and noise. Even though imaging and sensing systems such as high-resolution RGB cameras, stereovision imaging, LiDAR and terrestrial laser scanning can now be combined to collect pavement condition data, the data obtained by these sensors are expensive and
more » ... expensive and require specially equipped vehicles and processing. This hinders the utilization of the potential efficiency and effectiveness of such sensor systems. This chapter presents the potentials of the use of the Kinect v2.0 RGB-D sensor, as a lowcost approach for the efficient and accurate pothole detection on asphalt pavements. By using spatial fuzzy c-means (SFCM) clustering, so as to incorporate the pothole neighborhood spatial information into the membership function for clustering, the RGB data are segmented into pothole and non-pothole objects. The results demonstrate the advantage of complementary processing of low-cost multisensor data, through channeling data streams and linking data processing according to the merits of the individual sensors, for autonomous cost-effective assessment of road-surface conditions using remote sensing technology.
doi:10.5772/intechopen.88877 fatcat:flkfz2nm6rcpla6spomkfu2p6y