Symmetry Breaking and Epithelial Cell Extrusion

Bageshri Naimish Nanavati, Alpha S. Yap, Jessica L. Teo
2020 Cells  
Cell extrusion is a striking morphological event found in epithelia and endothelia. It is distinguished by two symmetry-breaking events: a loss of planar symmetry, as cells are extruded in either apical or basal directions; and loss of mechanochemical homogeneity within monolayers, as cells that are fated to be extruded become biochemically and mechanically distinct from their neighbors. Cell extrusion is elicited by many diverse events, from apoptosis to the expression of transforming
more » ... ansforming oncogenes. Does the morphological outcome of extrusion reflect cellular processes that are common to these diverse biological phenomena? To address this question, in this review we compare the progress that has been made in understanding how extrusion is elicited by epithelial apoptosis and cell transformation.
doi:10.3390/cells9061416 pmid:32517310 fatcat:i37hytsi7za57preh5uhnwnzhm