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In this paper, we analytically study the performance of multiple-input multiple-output underwater wireless optical communication (MIMO UWOC) systems with on-off keying (OOK) modulation. To mitigate turbulence-induced fading, which is amongst the major degrading effects of underwater channels on the propagating optical signal, we use spatial diversity over UWOC links. Furthermore, the effects of absorption and scattering are considered in our analysis. We analytically obtain the exact and anarXiv:1508.03952v4 fatcat:a7jd5zj7m5cilim2gvgq55krhi