Is Laminectomy and Fusion the Better Choice for Multilevel Cervical Myelopathy with Signal Changes on Magnetic Resonance Imaging ? A Comparison of Two Posterior Surgeries [post]

2020 unpublished
This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and complications between laminectomy and fusion (LF) and laminoplasty (LP) for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) with increased signal intensity (ISI) on T2-weighted images (T2WI). Material and Method In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed 52 patients with MCSM with ISI on T2WI who underwent laminoplasty (LP group). The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, the physical and
more » ... e, the physical and mental component scores (PCS and MCS) of Short-Form 36 (SF-36), and the extension and flexion ranges of motion (ROMs) were recorded. As controls, propensity score matching identified 52 patients who underwent laminectomy and fusion (LF group) from January 2014 to June 2016 using 7 independent variables (preoperation): age, sex, JOA score, SF-36 PCS, SF-36 MCS, preoperative symptom duration and high signal intensity ratio (HSIR). Results The operative duration in the LF group was significantly higher than that in the LP group. At the last follow-up, the JOA score, VAS score, and SF-36 (PCS and MCS) scores were all significantly improved in both groups. The extension and flexion ROMs were decreased in both groups but significantly better in the LP group than in the LF group. Both groups demonstrated similar clinical improvements at the final follow-up. The complication rate was higher in the LF group. Conclusion The present study demonstrates that LP for MCSM with ISI on T2WI achieves similar clinical improvement as LF. However, longer operative durations, higher complication rates and lower extension and flexion ROMs were found in the LF group. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is an age-related degenerative disease of the cervical spine, including intervertebral disc herniation, Luschka joint hyperplasia, vertebral posterior osteophyte, and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), which cause spinal stenosis and secondary nerve root compression, resulting in spinal compression or spinal cord ischemia and secondary nerve dysfunction [1]. Multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) often has a long disease course, involves severe cervical spine degeneration, and rapidly progresses [2]. In some cases, MCSM is In this single-center, retrospective study, we analyzed 52 patients with MCSM with ISI on T2WI who underwent laminoplasty (LP group)
doi:10.21203/rs.2.24228/v1 fatcat:acfhbuhmsreorntf7ixkahvx6e