Parametric resonance production of ultralight vector dark matter

Jeff A. Dror, Keisuke Harigaya, Vijay Narayan
2019 Physical Review D  
Vector bosons heavier than $10^{-22}$ eV can be viable dark matter candidates with distinctive experimental signatures. Ultralight dark matter generally requires a non-thermal origin to achieve the observed density, while still behaving like a pressureless fluid at late times. We show that such a production mechanism naturally occurs for vectors whose mass originates from a dark Higgs. If the dark Higgs has a large field value after inflation, the energy in the Higgs field can be efficiently
more » ... n be efficiently transferred to vectors through parametric resonance. Computing the resulting abundance and spectra requires careful treatment of the transverse and longitudinal components, whose dynamics are governed by distinct differential equations. We study these equations in detail and find that the mass of the vector may be as low as $10 ^{ - 18 }$ eV, while making up the dominant dark matter abundance. This opens up a wide mass range of vector dark matter as cosmologically viable, further motivating their experimental search.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.035036 fatcat:7xvzz2oskrcedfts6e4rsafgii