Integrated method for cities air temperature estimation
Urban Heat Island (UHI) is defined as the air temperature difference between the city and its surrounding areas. This phenomenon varies spatially (depending on the type of urban fabric constituting each neighborhood) and temporally (depending on the time of the day, on the season and on the weather conditions). This contribution proposes a methodology to model the UHI spatially and temporally using simple models built with free and open sources softwares (orbisGIS and python language). Ten air
... language). Ten air temperature sensors have been implemented in several neighborhoods of the Nantes urban area (a west coast french conurbation). The difference of UHI is observed and modeled for each of those sites. Spatial differences are modeled according to geographical indicators characterizing the urban surroundings of each temperature station. Temporal variations are modeled according to weather conditions (such as wind speed, solar radiations, etc.) for different time scales : diurnal and nocturnal differences, daily variations and seasonal variations. The objective is to create a method which may be applied for any city in France. Geographical indicators are then calculated with OrbisGIS software from geographical data which are homogeneous and available at the french territory scale. Wheather conditions are recorded by MeteoFrance stations, which follow the same standard for the measurement of climatic parameters all around France. Climatic data analysis and modeling are performed with Python language using libraries such as Pandas and StatsModels. Modeled established according to the Nantes temperature dataset are verificated according to new air temperature networks implemented in the city of Nantes as well as other cities of west France (Angers, La Roche-sur-Yon).