Enzyme additives influence bacterial communities of Medicago sativa silage as determined by Illumina sequencing

Zongfu Hu, Deying Ma, Huaxin Niu, Jie Chang, Jianhua Yu, Qing Tong, Shuguo Li
2021 AMB Express  
AbstractThe goal of the present study was to evaluate the effects of enzymes (cellulase combined with galactosidase) and their combination with Lactobacillus plantarum (LP) on bacterial diversity in alfalfa silages using high-throughput sequencing. Alfalfa forages were treated with or without cellulase + ɑ-galactosidase (CEGA), cellulase + LP (CELP), or ɑ-galactosidase + LP (GALP). After 56 days of ensiling, all treated silages exhibited improved fermentation quality, as reflected by decreased
more » ... ected by decreased pH, ammonium-N and increased lactic acid levels compared to the control silage (P < 0.05). Enzymatic treatment improved nutrient value by increasing crude protein levels and decreasing neutral detergent fibre (NDF) levels (P < 0.05). Silage treatment significantly altered the bacterial community, as determined by PCoA (P < 0.05). Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) dominated the bacterial community of the treated silage after ensiling. The dominant bacteria changed from Garciella, Enterococcus, Lactobacillus and Pediococcus in the control silage to Lactobacillus and Pediococcus in the CEGA silage and Lactobacillus in the CELP and GALP silages. Collectively, these results suggest that treatment with both enzymes alone and in combination with inoculants greatly increased the abundance of LAB, with Enterococcus, Lactobacillus and Pediococcus observed in the silage treated with enzymes alone (CEGA) and Lactobacillus observed in the silage treated with a combination of enzymes and inoculants (CELP and GALP).
doi:10.1186/s13568-020-01158-5 pmid:33409770 fatcat:l4yazwfve5agjkbhwqgosfju4e