Pap smear test Promotion among Women: An Educational Intervention Based on Theory of Planned Behavior
Journal of Biology and Today s World
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women in the world and the most common cancer in developing countries. Pap smear is the single effective method in reducing deaths because of cervical cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate Pap smear test promotion intervention efficiency among women in Iran and theory of planned behavior was applied as theoretical framework. This interventional -study was accomplished by choosing 120 women in two health Centre randomly divided into
... omly divided into experimental and control groups. Three months after educational intervention results were evaluated. Participants responded to the standard self-report questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS-16. It was found significant improvements in average response for Attitude (P=0.004), subjective norms (P<0.001), perceived behavior control (P=0.010) and behavioral intention (P=0.000) toward undergoing Pap smear among intervention group. Additionally after intervention, the rate of doing Pap smear test was increased among intervention group (P=0.013). This study indicated the educational program based on theory of planned behavior could encourage the women to do Pap smear test.