Nanocomposites as Advanced Materials for Aerospace Industry

BAN Cristina, DINCA Ion, STEFAN Adriana, PELIN George
2012 INCAS Bulletin  
Polymer nanocomposites, consisting of nanoparticles dispersed in polymer matrix, have gained interest due to the attractive properties of nanostructured fillers, as carbon nanotubes and layered silicates. Low volume additions (1-5%) of nanoparticles provide properties enhancements comparable to those achieved by conventional loadings (15-40%) of traditional fillers. Structural nanocomposites represent reinforcement structures based on carbon or glass fibers embedded into polymeric matrix
more » ... meric matrix modified with nanofillers. Structural composites are the most important application of nanaocomposites, in aerospace field, as, laminates and sandwich structures. Also, they can by used as anti-lightning, anti-radar protectors and paints. The paper presents the effects of sonic dispersion of carbon nanotubes and montmorrilonite on the mechanical, electrical, rheological and trybological properties of epoxy polymers and laminated composites, with carbon or glass fiber reinforcement, with nanoadditivated epoxy matrix. One significant observation is that nanoclay contents higher than 2% wt generate an increase of the resin viscosity, from 1500 to 50000-100000 cP, making the matrix impossible to use in high performance composites. Also, carbon nanotubes provide the resin important electrical properties, passing from dielectric to semi-conductive class. These effects have also been observed for fiber reinforced composites. Contrarily to some opinions in literature, the results of carbon nanotubes or nanoclays addition on the mechanical characteristics of glass or carbon fiber composites seem to be rather low.
doi:10.13111/2066-8201.2012.4.4.6 fatcat:n44qpwanwfe2ncjug4np3hwosi