Paul Rostock – einflussreicher Arzt in nationalsozialistischer Wissenschaft und medizinischer Forschung [thesis]

Philipp Friedrich Then, Universitätsbibliothek Der FU Berlin
2021
Historians of the postwar period have tried to evaluate various protagonists of the Nazi regime who were involved in human subject research and ethically questionable experiments. Prof. Dr. Paul Rostock, accused in the Nuremberg medical trial, has been largely omitted from such evaluation. Only a few short treatises on him can be found in relevant literature. This dissertation intends to work out the life of Rostock biographically. From this, conclusions can be drawn about the socialization,
more » ... e socialization, training, medical work, political ambitions and about his entanglements in the crimes of the "Third Reich". The goal of this dissertation is the clear classification of Rostock the individual in the context of contemporary history. This is linked to the presentation of the dangers of a fusion of political ideology and personal ambitions with scientific research, ethics and practical medicine. In addition to relevant literature, documents from various archives as well as protocols of the Nuremberg medical trial and personal correspondence serve as the basis for investigation. After some chronological, partly thematic, reworking and interpretation of literature and source material, a more nuanced picture of Rostock's knowledge and assistance in the human subject researches of the Nazi regime emerges. As an organizer and expert in the field of science and surgery, Rostock was a serious voice in matters of National Socialist research projects. Moreover, his influence on the main defendant of the Nuremberg medical trial, Karl Brandt, seems to have been far greater than has been assumed to date. Rostock was able to support the less scientifically literate Brandt with his broad specialist knowledge. In this way, he supported Brandt's intensive efforts in the execution of human experiments. In addition, Rostock stands out from the circle of high-ranking national socialist doctors such as Conti, Brandt and de Crinis through his immense specialist knowledge. During the Nuremberg medical trial, Rostock was able to separate himself from [...]
doi:10.17169/refubium-29398 fatcat:rrgw7fqlzrbo3fdtjvzef4zfge