Predictors for Success in Calculus I

Rebecca George
2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition Proceedings   unpublished
What are the factors for success for students in calculus 1?" Because calculus 1 is considered a gateway course in most STEM majors, this is a common question among universities as attrition rates of students in these majors is considered high. This paper explores the use of different statistical approaches to analyzing data on students who have taken calculus 1 at a large research extensive university. Hierarchal Linear Modeling (HLM) analysis will be used in determining if the class
more » ... the class attributes of different sections determine the success of students in calculus 1 in college. HLM analyses will be used because students are nested within each class, or section. Another model involving the mediation variable of anxiety level will be explored. Lastly, a multivariate model will be used to examine relationships between all factors. For all models, the dependent variable is student grade in calculus 1. In the HLM model, the level one factors are student academic level, gender, whether the student attended on campus tutoring, and whether the student is a STEM major (or more specifically an Engineering major). The level two factors come from the students' class section and include whether the section is online or face-to-face (mode of instruction), the semester (Fall vs. Spring), the size of the class, and the instructor's gender.
doi:10.18260/1-2--33184 fatcat:lfmywac5czefvi4q6qzxgko45i