Image Spectral Resolution Enhancement for Mapping Native Plant Species in a Typical Area of the Three-River Headwaters Region, China
Large-scale multispectral remote sensing data are often unavailable for some practical applications. Spectral resolution enhancement for large-scale multispectral remote sensing images by incorporating small-scale hyperspectral remote sensing images is an alternative way to generate remote sensing images with both large spatial range and high spectral resolution. This paper proposes an improved spectral resolution enhancement method (ISREM) using spectral matrix and weighting the spectral angle
... the spectral angle of the transformation matrix. ISREM is tested in a typical area of the Three-River Headwaters region (TRHR) to produce a synthetic hyperspectral image (HSI). Two existing spectral resolution enhancement methods, the color resolution improvement software package (CRISP) and spectral resolution enhancement method (SREM), are adopted to compare with ISREM. To further test the practicality of the synthetic HSIs generated by the ISREM, CRISP and SREM, they are used to estimate the coverage of native plant species (NPS) using support vector machines (SVM) and random forest (RF) regressions. The experimental results are as follows. (1) For the Pearson correlation coefficient between the synthetic HSI and original image, ISREM yielded the largest value of 0.9582, followed by CRISP and SREM with values of 0.9480 and 0.9514. For spectral similarity, the HSI generated by the ISREM was the closest to the original reference HSI in the spectral curve. It also showed the best cumulative performance with the use of the three quality evaluation indexes. (2) The identification accuracies of native plant species were 93.51%, 90.91%, 89.61% and 89.61% using generated HSIs and original multispectral image (MSI) within a threshold of 20%, respectively. Compared with original MSI, the synthetic HSI showed better ability to identify NPS in the study area, which further illustrated the effectiveness of the ISREM. (3) The ISREM can reduce the strict requirement of pure pixels and maintain the quality of synthetic HSI by spectral angle weighting. Hence, the proposed ISREM outperforms the existing CRISP and SREM methods in image spectral resolution enhancement of multispectral remote sensing images.