Recent Literature Practical Sanitary Science . A Handbook for the Public Health Laboratory. By David Sommerville, B.A., M.D., Lecturer in Public Health, King's College, London. New York: William Wood & Co. pp. x, 310. 1906

1906 Boston Medical and Surgical Journal  
The literary style of this handbook reminds the readers of a ride over a corduroy road; the substance excites conflicting sensations, -sadness to deep depression; gentle merriment to explosive hilarity ; incredulous surprise to amazement; sympathy and admiration. Although intended for the laboratory, it is more suited to the hammock after a hard day's work. Time and space are too valuable for a critical analysis. It approaches far more than any other work of recent years that superlative known
more » ... superlative known in the vernacular as " the limit." Nose and Throat Surgery. Nasal Sinus Surgery with Operations on the Nose and Throat. Most of the book is devoted to the nasal accessory sinuses. For each of these sinuses in turn the anatomy and variations, the diagnosis of empyema, the different conservative methods of treatment and radical operations are described. The frontal sinus is first taken up, ending with a description of the different radical operations, of which the open method is classed as the ordinary operation and that of Kuhnt as the typical radical operation, although that of Killian is given in some detail. The ethmoid cells, the antrum and the sphenoidal sinuses are taken up in turn, and the anatomy, diagnosis of empyema and treatment well illustrated. The author omits to call attention to the value of the x-ray in discovering the size and shape of the frontal sinus before operating, and as a possible aid to diagnosis both here and in the antrum. The next subject is deviation of the nasal septum, concerning the treatment of which there is so much difference of opinion that it would be impossible at the present day for any one in a short space to satisfy most of his readers. The author will probably be largely criticised for his comparative neglect of the submucous method of operating. Cosmetic operations for the correction of deformities of the external nose are briefly described, including the injection of paraffin for the saddle-back bridge. To correct deviating nasal bones the author boldly goes through the skin, a method which has not previously received the attention it deserves but which must be carefully undertaken to avoid the danger of unsightly scars. The same caution is even more necessary in recommending the insertion of foreign bodies under the skin for the purpose of building up a sunken nose. The removal of the turbinâtes and enlarged tonsils and adenoids receives careful attention. For the latter operation the author prefers a quick operation under nitrous oxide. In this community ether is the routine anesthetic, giving more time. The last chapter is devoted to tracheotomy and a brief description of laryngotomy. There has been a need for a book of this kind. Methods of operating have developed rapidly during the past few years, and certain of these operations have not been adequately collected in our general textbooks. The book is well written, well arranged, clear and concise, perhaps too concise, as it omits references to fuller descriptions of the different operations, and does not always give sufficient detail to guide the operator without further assistance. But, on the whole, it fills the place which it was intended to fill very satisfactorily. Atmokausis und Zestokausis die Behandlung mit Hochgespanntem Wasserdampf in der Gynaekologie. Von Dr. Ludwig Pincus. Frauenarz in Danzig. Zweite verbesserte Auflage mit 33 Textfiguren und Tafeln. Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann. 1906. This is the second edition of Dr. Pincus's monograph on the treatment of the uterine cavity with steam under high pressure. It is a volume of 371 large pages illustrated by thirty-three drawings in the text and five plates. The author gives a most exhaustive historical review of the employment of hot water and steam to arrest hemorrhage and to cauterize, finding that the Greeks and Romans undoubtedly used this method. J. N. Rust, 1830, was the first to employ it systematically. Dzondi of Halle invented a machine in 1821 for generating steam for surgical uses, a rude model for the Pincus apparatus. The different styles of development of the author's instruments are described and figured in great detail, followed by the scientific and theoretical considerations which were the foundation of his technique. Then came the gross and microscopic appearances of the uterine mucosa following steaming for varying lengths of time and at different temperatures. The last half of the work is devoted to the clinical aspects of the application of steam. Here are to be found set forth with all the necessary minutiae, the steps of the technique and the indications and contra-indications for the use of steam cauterization. At the end of the book is an index of the literature, another of the authors and a third of the subjects cited. To any one wishing to employ vaporization of the uterus and desiring to go to the fountain head of information on the subject the possession of this treatise is a necessity.
doi:10.1056/nejm190606141542408 fatcat:ssn3favgmzfdbnxhsst526y2zu