‫ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻅﺎﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻔﺎﺀ‬ Some Characteristics of Tigris River Pollution for Baghdad City

Qusai Al-Kubaisi, Haifaa Ebrahim
unpublished
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻡ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﻴﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬) ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ 2001/11/1 ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ، 2002/5/22 (‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺩﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬. ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩﺕ‬ 24 ‫ﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬) ‫ﻭﻨﻴﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ (‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬
more » ... ﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ (‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ 1999 ‫ﻫﻴﺩﺭﻭﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺍﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻴﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺭﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻴﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ‬ ‫ﺎﺩﻤﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺨﻁﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻴﻘﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻗﺼﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺴﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺼﻔﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻔﺎﻅ‬. ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ABSTRACT Six observation sites were chosen from Tigris River for Baghdad City to know the pollution with major, minor and trace elements (physical and chemical properties). The study depended on 24 variables in two periods, first in January and the second in April from water year 1999-2000 to show the characteristics of pollution and the effect of embargo on this water resource. The results reflect that higher concentration in some elements when we compare the results with previous study especially in SO4, Fe, Ni and Cd, so we must put suitable plans to stop this deterioration in the environment of Tigris River.
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